MotoIQ Tech

Demystifying the Camshaft: Part 1 - Valve Events

by Jonathan Spiegel

As we all know, the key to making power is to create pressure in the combustion chamber - and to create that pressure at the right time. This pressure works to drive the piston down in the cylinder and cause the crankshaft to rotate. The more air/fuel mixture you can get into the combustion chamber, the greater your potential for creating more pressure, and more power.


 

Extreme Engine Tech: Building a BMW S52 - Part 2: The Cylinder Head

by Nick Betz

If the engine as a whole is the heart of a car the cylinder head would be all the supporting parts that make the heart pump. Without the opening and closing of certain valves of the heart you can’t get blood to flow into the atriums and out the ventricles. Just like the heart, a cylinder head has multiple valves that need to open and close at specific times to get air in to and exhaust out of the combustion chambers to keep the engine pumping.  


 

Extreme Engine Tech: Building a BMW S52 – Part 1: The Short Block

by Nick Betz

There comes a time in a project build when you just have to throw everything out the window and rewrite your storyboard. Over the years we’ve been bolting on parts to Project E36 323is and not seeing the gains we were looking for. Sure it’s been fun but it’s time to make some real power. We had plans for an M50 manifold swap paired with M3 cams, bigger air meter, headers and throttle body but as the old adage goes, there’s no replacement for displacement, so that’s where our journey has taken us.


 

Lessons in Turbo Technology with Garrett!  Lesson 1 - The Compressor Wheel

by Mike Kojima

Recently we were privileged to be able to take a look behind the walls of Garrett Turbochargers' research and development facilities.  We were able to get an insider view of the intensive engineering inside a Garrett Turbo and viewed first hand what differentiates it from your typical aftermarket fare.  We were very impressed by what we saw and we would like to share it with you by breaking some of what a World Class OEM supplier puts into the performance turbos any consumer can buy into easily digestible lessons that we will be presenting to you periodically. Perhaps the key part of any turbo is the compressor wheel.  Let's look at what Garrett does to bring you one of the best compressor wheels on the market. 


 

Extreme Engine Tech, Technosquare's Monster Naturally Aspirated Toyota 4AG - Part 3 (VIDEO INSIDE!

by Mike Kojima, Photos & Video by Jeff Naeyaert

Way back when the third and final installment of this build was part of our best of 2010 series. It's still a great article presented here for you to check out one more time. Follow the links, read all three parts and enjoy!

When we last left the Technosquare crew, they had completed the stroker 4AG engine's bottom end and assembled the cylinder head.  Now it was time for the engine's final assembly and installation into an AE86 time attack car.

Click Here for Part One

Click Here for Part Two


 

Extreme Engine Tech: Technosquare's Monster Naturally Aspirated Toyota 4AG - Part 2

Extreme Engine Tech: Technosquare's Monster Naturally Aspirated Toyota 4AG - Part 2

by Mike Kojima

In our last edition of the building of Technosquare's monster Toyota 4AG, we mainly looked at the details of the bottom end.  Now we will finish our tour of the bottom end and delve into the engine's cylinder head which is the heart of any high performance engine.

The 83mm x 83 mm stroker motor gives 1800cc.  The 200 extra cc's makes a huge difference, fortifying the 4AG's notoriously narrow power band. The engine cranks out over 250 crank hp, more than the most highly developed Formula Atlantic engines of yore and 30 more hp than the previous 1600 cc version of this motor. Here it is, re released again for your reading pleasure!


 

 

Technosquare Howard Watanabe 4AG Engine Build

Extreme Engine Tech:  Technosquare's Monster Naturally Aspirated Toyota 4AG - Part I

by Mike Kojima

The Toyota 4AG is a historic engine, one that was essential in launching sport compact car culture in the USA.  In 1985 the 4AG first rocked the automotive world.  It was the standard engine in the Toyota Corolla GTS, the famed Hachi Roku AE86.  The AE86 was the last of the RWD Corollas and Toyota made history by equipping it with the revolutionary 4AG engine.  Not to be forgotten, the AW11 MR2 mid engine sports car was also powered by the 4AG.


Turbo Tech: Size Matters! - Part 2

by Khiem Dinh

In Part 1 of Size Matters, we went over the basic concept of sizing the turbo for the application and desired torque curve shape to match the intended use of the vehicle. You know, because a couple million people a year ask what size turbo they should get for their _______ (insert application here, i.e. car, motorcycle, boat, scooter, lawn mower, etc). Once everyone gets a bit more turbo savvy, they learn of the concept of boost from a small turbo does not equal boost of a big turbo. Well, we’re going to explain why.


 

Project Supra: Part 10 - Dyno testing - We hit 800 WHP!

by Pablo Mazlumian

We've reached our power goal.  Take a peak at how we did it, and be prepared for a smorgasbord of dyno graphs not only from Project Supra, but from other Supras and racecars tuned at Modified by KC as well!


 

 

It's All About the Zinc - High Stress Wear Resistance with Penrite Oil!

by Mike Kojima

We get a lot of oils and lubricants to evaluate at the MotoIQ office and for the most part we have had good results with the latest high quality synthetic motorsports oils that come across our desks and into the crankcases of our various race and project cars.  When it comes to quality oils we get pretty uniform results, clean burning, low deposits and good wear of the engine's internal components.


 

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